Native Plants available at Vermont Nurseries

The following definitions were used to identify native plants: 

New England Wild Flower Society (NEWFS) defines native plants as those growing in North America prior to European settlement. For discussion see The New England Wild Flower Society Guide to Growing and Propagating Wildflowers by William Cullina.

Vermont Nongame and Natural Heritage Program defines native plants as those that have been present in our region for at least 100 years and for which there is no evidence of exotic origin.

Some plants are circumboreal in distribution occurring in both Eurasia and North America so it is difficult to tell if these plants or their cultivars (cvs.) were originally derived from native populations. This also is true of other plants with similarly wide geographic distributions. In such cases it is best if you verify the origin of plant with the supplier.

Vermont nurseries+ included in this survey are:
Cady's Falls Nursery, Morrisville
JM Landscaping, Nursery & Garden Center, Bradford
Standing Stone Perennial Farm, South Royalton
Talbots Nursery, Hartland
Vermont Native Nursery

Types of plants included in this survey are:

herbaceous perennials (all above nurseries except Vermont Native Nursery)
rock garden plants (Cady's Falls, Primavera)
ornamental grasses (Cady's Falls, Standing Stone)
ferns (Cady's Falls, JM Landscaping, Standing Stone)
vines (Cady's Falls, Standing Stone)
aquatics (Cady's Falls, Primavera)
trees, shrubs and fruit (Cady's Falls, JM Landscaping, Primavera, Standing Stone, Vermont Native Nursery)

other Vermont nurseries that carry native plants  (see page 3)

On the following list, Vermont natives are marked with an *. This may not apply to cultivars of these plants, see above.
To assure availability of a particular plant, please contact the nursery.

Cady's Falls Nursery
Don and Lela Avery
637 Duhamel Rd
Morrisville, VT 05661

Border Perennials and Rock Garden Plants

Actea pachypoda*                                       White Baneberry
Actea rubra*                                                Red Baneberry
Actea rubra 'forma neglecta'                         White Fruited Red Baneberry
Adlumia fungosa*                                         Climbing Fumitory
Aquilegia canadensis*                                   Native Columbine
Aquilegia saximontana                                   Rocky Mt. Blue Columbine
Aquilegia saximontana x jonesii                     Hybrid Western Columbine
Arctostaphylos uva-ursa*                             Bearberry
Arisaema triphylla*                                       Jack-in-the-pulpit
Armeria maritima cvs.                                   Seathrift
Aruncus diioicus                                           Goat's Beard
Asarum arifolium (Hexastylis)                        Little-brown-jug
Asarum canadense*                                     Wild Ginger
Asarum caudatum                                        Western Wild Ginger
Asarum lemmonii                                          Lemmon's Wild Ginger
Aster ericoides* 'Snowflurry'                        Heath Aster
Aster novae-angliae* cvs.                             New England Aster
Baptisia alba                                                White False Indigo
Baptisia australis                                           Blue False Indigo
Baptisia leucantha                                         Prairie False Indigo
Baptisia leucophaea                                     Cream False Indigo
Baptisia 'Purple Smoke'                               Hybrid Baptisia
Campanula divaricata                                   Southern Harebell
Campanula lasiocarpa                                  Mountain Harebell
Campanula rotundifolia*                              Harebell
Campanula roundifolia 'White Gem'             White Harebell
Cassia marylandica (Senna m.)                    Southern Wild Senna
Caulophyllum thalictroides*                         Blue Cohosh
Chelone lyonii                                             Pink Turtlehead
Chrysongonum virginianum                          Golden Star
Cimicinfuga racemosa                                 Bugbane, Black Cohosh
Clematis fremontii                                       Fremont's Leather-flower
Clintonia borealis*                                      Blue-bead Lily
Cornus canadensis*                                    Bunchberry
Cypripedium kentuckiense                          Kentucky Lady's Slipper
Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubscens*     Large Yellow Lady's Slipper
Cypripedium reginea*                                 Showy Lady's Slipper
Dicentra eximia                                           Fringed-leaf or Wild Bleeding Heart
Dicentra eximia 'Alba'                                 White Wild Bleeding Heart
Diphylleia cymosa                                       American Umbrella-leaf
Dodecatheon meadia                                  Eastern Shootingstar
Dodecatheon pulchellum                             Darkthroat Shootingstar
Dryas drummondii                                      Drummond's Mountain Avens
Dryas octapetala 'Minor'                            Eightpetal Mountain Avens
Echinacea purpurea cvs.                             Purple Coneflower
Empetrum nigrum*                                     Crowberry
Epigaea repens*                                         Trailing Arbutus
Epilobium obcordatum                                Rockfringe
Erigeron pulchellus* 'Meadow Muffin'         Robin's Plantain Cultivar
Eupatorium fistulosum* 'Gateway'               Trumpetweed
Gaultheria hispidula*                                   Creeping Snowberry
Gaultheria procumbens*                             Wintergreen
Gaylussacia brachycera                              Box Huckleberry
Gentianopsis crinata*                                 Fringed Gentian
Helenium autumnale*                                 Sneezeweed
Heliopsis scabra cvs.                                 Prairie Oxeye
Hydrastis canadensis*                               Goldenseal
Iris cristata cvs.                                         Crested Iris, Woodland Iris
Iris setosa canadensis                                Canadian Beachead Iris
Jeffersonia diphylla                                    Twinleaf
Lewisia cotyledon cvs.                              Lewisia
Liatris microcephala                                 Small-headed Blazing Star
Liatris scariosa 'Gracious'                         Devil's Bite
Liatris spicata cvs.                                   Blazing Star
Lilium canadense*                                   Yellow Canada Liliy
Lilium canadense 'Red Form'                   Red Canada Lily
Lilium superbum                                      Turk's Cap Liliy
Linnaea borealis*                                    Twinflower
Lobelia cardenalis*                                 Cardinal-flower
Maianthemum racemosum*                    False Solomon's Seal
Monarda didyma cvs.                            Oswego Tea
Oenothera macrocarpon                        Missouri Evening-primrose
Opuntia fragilis                                      Brittle Prickly-pear
Opuntia fragilis x polyacantha                Hybrid Prickly-pear
Opuntia humifusa                                  Devel's Tongue
Opuntia phaeacantha var.major             Mojave Prickly-pear
Panax quinquefolia*                             Ginseng
Penstemon aridus                                 Stiff-leaf Penstemon
Penstemon nitidus                                Wax-leaf Penstemon
Phlox douglasi (P. caespitosa)'Rose Cushion'     Douglas's Phlox
Phlox maculata 'Natascha'                   Wild Sweet-William
Phlox paniculata cvs.                           Garden Phlox
Phlox stolonifera cvs.                          Creeping Phlox
Phlox subulata cvs.                             Moss Pink
Physostegia virginiana* 'Variegated'    Obedient Plant
Podophyllum peltatum*                      May Apple
Primula laurentiana                             Bird's-eye Primrose
Rhexia virginiana                                Meadow Beauty
Rudbeckia fulgida cvs.                       Orange Coneflower
Sabatia kennedyana                           Plymouth Rose Gentian
Salix uva-ursa*                                  Bearberry Willow
Sanguinaria canadense*                     Bloodroot
Sanguinaria canadense 'Multiplex'       Double Bloodroot
Saxifraga paniculata* cvs.                 White Mountain Saxifrage
Sedum ternatum 'Larinam Park'         Woodland Stonecrop
Sidalcea oregana 'Brilliant'                 Oregon Checkerbloom
Silene acaulis                                    Moss Campion
Sisyrinchium angustifolium* 'Dwarf White'     Stout Blue-eyed-grass
Sisyrinchium littorale                        Alaska Blue-eyed-grass
Spiranthes cernua                            Nodding Lady's tresses
Stokesia laevis                                 Stoke's Aster
Stokesia laevis 'Honeysong Purple'   Stoke's Aster Cultivar
Tollius laxus                                     American Globeflower
Vernonia noveboracensis                 New York Ironweed
Veronicastrum virginianum*             Culver's Root
Viola sororia 'Confederate'              Confederate Violet

Adiantum aleuticum* 'Subpumilum'   Dwarf Western Maidenhair
Adiantum pedatum*                         Northern Maidenhair
Adiantum pedatum 'Miss Sharples'   Northern Maidenhair Cultivar
Adiantum viridimontanum*               Green Mountain Maidenhair
Asplenium platyneuron*                   Ebony Spleenwort
Asplenium trichomanes*                   Maidenhair Spleenwort
Asplenium trichomanes ssp.quadrivalens*     Maidenhair Spleenwort
Asplenium ebenoides*                     Scott's Spleenwort
Athyrium filix-femina* cvs.               Lady Fern
Dryopteris crestata*                        Crested Fern
Dryopteris felix-mas*                       Male Fern
Dryopteris goldiana*                        Goldie's Fern
Matteuccia struthiopteris*                 Ostrich Fern
Osmondia regalis var. regalis*          American Royal Fern
Polystichum acrostichoides*             Christmas Fern
Polystichum braunii*                        Braun's Holly fern
Thalipteris palustris*                        Marsh Fern
Woodsia ilvensis*                            Rusty Woodsia

Aristolochia durior                       Dutchman's Pipe
Lonicera prolifera                        Grape Honeysuckle
Wisteria macrostachya                 American Wisteria

Iris hexagona 'Dorthy Williamson'     Louisiana Iris
Iris versicolor*                            Blue Flag Iris
Iris versicolor cvs.                       Blue Flag Iris Cultivars
Nynphaea odorata*                    Sweet Water-lily
Peltandra virginica*                    Arrow Arum
Peltiphyllum peltatum                  Umbrella Plant
Pontederia cordata*                   Pickerelweed
Sarracenia purpurea*                 Pitcher Plant

Vaccinium cvs.                           Blueberries

Trees and Shrubs
Abies balsamea* cvs.               Balsam Fir
Abies fraseri cvs.                      Fraser Fir
Acer negundo* 'Kelly's Gold'   Boxelder
Acer saccharum* cvs.              Sugar Maple
Andromeda polifolia* cvs.        Bog Rosemary
Comptonia peregrina*             Sweet-fern
Kalmia latifolia* 'Elf'                Mountain Laurel
Kalmia ploifolia*                     Swamp Laurel
Picea glauca*                         White Spruce
Picea mariana*                       Black Spruce
Picea pungens                        Blue Spruce
Pinus banksiana*                   Jack Pine
Pinus strobus*                      White Pine
Rhododendron canadense*   Rhodora
Rhododendron prinophyllum*      Rose-shell Azalea
Rhododendron viscosum*     Swamp Azalea
Thuja occidentalis*               Arbor Vitae
Tsuga canadensis*                Eastern Hemlock
Vaccinium macrocarpo* cvs.   Cranberry
Vaccinium vitis-ideae*          Lingonberry
Vaccinium vitis-ideae cvs.     Lingonberry Cultivars

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JM Landscaping, Nursery & Garden Center
Lower Plain, Rt 5
Bradford, VT 05033

Acer rubrum*                                 Red Maple
Acer saccharinum*                         Silver Maple
Acer saccharum*                            Sugar Maple
Betula nigra                                     'Heritage' River Birch
Betula papyrifera*                           Paper Birch
Carpinus caroliniana*                      American Hornbeam
Catalpa spediosa                             Northern Catalpa
Cercis canadensis                            Eastern Redbud
Fraxinus americana*
    'Autumn Blaze'                            White Ash
Quercus bicolor*                            Swamp White Oak
Quercus rubra*                              Northern Red Oak

Amelanchier 'Lamarcki'
    Old cultivar, according to Dirr (new ed.)
    a cross between A. lavis and A. xgrandiflora.
Aaronia melanocarpa*                   Black Chokeberry
Coruus sericea* 'Cardinal'              Redosier Dogwood
Ilix verticillata* 'Sparkleberry'         Winterberry
Hamamelis virginiana*                     Witch Hazel
Physocarpus opulifolius                   Eastern Ninebark
Potenrilla fruticosa*
    'Coronation Triumph',                 Shrubby Cinquefoil
Sambucus canadensis* 'Adams'     American Elderberry
Viburnum trilobum*                       American High-bush Cranberry

Aster novae-angliae* cvs.             New England Aster
Caltha palustris*                           Marsh Marigold
Heuchera spp. cvs.                       Coral Bells or Alumroot
Hibiscus moscheutos cvs.             Hardy Hibiscus
Hepatica* sp.                               Hepatica
Mertensia virginica                        Virginia Bluebells
Monarda spp. cvs.                       Bee Balm
Sanguinaria canadensis*               Bloodroot
Tiarella cordifolia*                       Foam Flower
Trillium grandiflorum*                  White Trillium

Adiantum pedatum*                     Maidenhair Fern
Matteuccia struthiopteris*             Ostrich Fern
Osmunda cinnamomea *              Cinnamon Fern

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Standing Stone Perennial Farm
Lynne Hall and David Brandau
36 Johnson Hill Rd.
South Royalton, VT 05068
802-763-8243, 888-892-2347 (VT & NH)

Agastache cv.                             Giant Hyssop
Amsonia tabermaemontana         Blue Star
Angelica atropurpurea*              Great Angelica
Aruncus dioicus                         Goat's Beard
Aster novae-angliae* cvs.          New England Aster
Aster nove-belgii* cvs.              New York Aster
Baptisia australis                        Blue False Indigo
Boltonia asteroides cvs.             Starflowers
Cassia hebacarpa (Senna h.)      Wild Senna
Cholne lyonii Red                      Turtlehead
Cholne obilqua                          Pink Turtlehead
Cimicinfuga racemosa               Bugbane, Black Cohosh
Coreopsis grandiflora cvs.         Large-flowered Coreopsis
Coreopsis verticillata cvs.          Thread-leaf Coreopsis
Cypripedium reginae*               Showy Lady Slipper
Dicentra exima                         Wild Bleeding Heart
Echinacea angustifolia               Narrow-leaved Purple Coneflower
Echinacea pallida                     Prairie Coneflower
Echinacea purpurea cvs.          Purple Coneflower
Erigeron cvs.                           Fleabane, Western US
Eupatorium coelestinum 'Blue'  Mistflower
Eupatorium purpureum*
    'Gateway'                           Sweet-scented Joe-Pye Weed
Eupatorium rugosum*
    'Chocolate'                         White Snakeroot
Filipendula rubra 'Venusta'      Queen of the Prairie
Gaillardia grandiflora cvs.        Blanket Flower
Gillenia trifoliata
    (Porteranthus t.)                  Bowman's Root
Helenium autumnale* cvs.       Sneezeweed
Heliopsis helianthoides cvs.     Oxeye, False Sunflower
Heuchera americana cvs.         Alumroot
Heuchera sanguinea cvs.         Coral Bells
Iris versicolor*                       Blue Flag Iris
Liatris ligulistylus                    Northern Plains Blazing Star
Liatris spicata cvs.                 Spiked Blazing Star
Lobelia cardinalis*                Cardinal Flower
Lobelia siphilitica                   Great Blue Lobelia
Monarda didyma cvs.            Oswego Tea, Beebalm
Monarda fistulosa*                Wild Bergamot
Oenothera fruticosa                Sundrops
Oenothera missouriensis         Missouri Sundrops
Penstemon barbatus cvs.        Red Beard's Tongue
Penstemon digitalis*
    'Husker Red'                     Foxglove Beard's Tongue
Penstemon strictus                 Blue Beard's Tongue
Phlox divaricata cvs.              Wood Phlox
Phlox laphamii cv.
    (P. divaricata ssp.laphamii) Wood Phlox
Phlox maculata cvs.                Wild Sweet William
Phlox paniculata cvs.             Garden Phlox
Phlox stolonifera cvs.             Creeping Wood Pholx
Phlox subulata cvs.                 Moss Phlox
Physostegia virginiana* cvs.    Obedient Plant
Polemonium reptans               Greek Valerian
Rudbeckia fulgida
    'Goldsturm'                        Orange Coneflower
Rudbeckia hirta*                    Common Black Eyed Susan
Rudbeckia lanciniata*
    'Goldenglow'                      Gray-headed Coneflower
Sanguisorba canadensis*        Canada Burnet
Solidago sphacelata*
    'Golden Fleece'                   Goldenrod
Thermopsis caroliniana            Carolina Lupine
Tiarella cordifolia* cvs.            Foam flower
Verbena hostata*                    Blue Vervain
Vernonia fasciculata                 Smooth Ironweed
Veronicastrum virginicum* cvs.Culver's Root
Yucca filamintosa
    'Color Guard'                     Adam's Needle

Adiantum pedatum*                 Northern Maidenhair Fern
Polystichum acrostichoides*     Christmas Fern

Ornamental Grasses
Deschampsia caespitosa*
    'Goldgehaenge'                     Tufted Hair Grass
Panicum virgatum*
    'Heavy Metal'                       Switch Grass

Aristolochia durior                    Dutchman's Pipe vine
Campsis radicans                     Trumpet vine

Pontilla fruticosa*
    'Abbottswood'                     Shrubby Cinquefoil

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Talbots Nursery
Hartland- Quechee Road
Hartland, VT

Amsonia Blue                          Dogbane, Bluestar
Aquilegia canadensis*              Wild Columbine
Aster spp.                                Asters
Baptisia Wild                           Indigo
Caltha palustris*                      Marsh Marigold
Camassia                                Wild Hyacinth
Cassia                                     Wild Senna
Lobelia cardinalis*                   Cardinal Flower
Mertensia virginica                   Virginia Bluebell
Penstemon                              Beardtongue
Sanguinaria canadensis*          Bloodroot
Silphium                                 Cup Plant or Rosin Weed (Can be invasive in New England)
Tiarella cordifolia*                  Foamflower
Vernonia                                 Ironweed
Veronicastrum virginicum*       Culver's Root

Vermont Native Nursery
Mike Miller
P.O. Box 933
Lyndonville, VT  05851
Tel:  802-626-7251

Trees - Deciduous
Acer rubrum*                   red maple
Acer saccharum*              sugar maple
Betula alleghaniensis*         yellow birch
Betula papyrifera*              white birch
Betula populifolia*              gray birch
Carpinus caroliniana*          musclewood
Fagus grandifolia*               beech
Fraxinus americana*            white ash
Fraxinus nigra*                   black ash
Juglans cinerea*                  butternut
Larix laricina*                     tamarack
Ostrya virginiana*              ironwood
Populus balsamifera*          balsam poplar
Populus grandidentata*       big-toothed aspen
Populus tremuloides*          quaking aspen
Prunus pensylvanica*          pin cherry
Prunus serotina*                 black cherry
Quercus rubra*                  northern red oak
Tilia americana*                  american basswood
Ulmus americana*              american elm

Trees - Coniferous
Abies balsamea*               balsam fir
Picea glauca*                   white spruce
Picea rubens*                   red spruce
Pinus strobus*                   white pine
Thuja occidentalis*           northern white cedar
Tsuga canadensis*            eastern hemlock

Shrubs - Deciduous
Acer pensylvanicum*          striped maple
Acer spicatum*                  mountain maple
Alnus rugosa*                   speckled alder
Amelanchier canadensis*   shadbush or serviceberry
Cornus alternifolia*            alternate-leaved dogwood
Cornus canadensis*           bunchberry
Cornus sericia*                  red-osier dogwood
Corylus cornuta*               beaked hazelnut
Dirca palustris*                  leatherwood
Gaultheria procumbens*     wintergreen
Lonicera canadensis*          american fly honeysuckle
Mitchella repens*               partridge berry
Nemopanthus mucronata*  mountain holly
Prunus virginiana*              choke cherry
Rhus hirta*                        staghorn sumac
Rubus alleghaniensis*         blackberry
Rubus idaeus*                   red raspberry
Rubus odoratus*               purple-flowering raspberry
Salix cordata*                   heart-leaved willow
Salix discolor*                  pussy willow
Sambucus pubens*          red elderberry
Sorbus americana*          mountain ash
Spiraea latifolia*              meadowsweet
Spiraea tomentosa*         steeplebush
Vaccinium myrtilloides*   velvetleaf blueberry
Viburnum lantanoides*     hobblebush
Viburnum lentago*          nannyberry
Viburnum trilobum*        highbush cranberry

Shrubs - Coniferous
Juniperus communis*      common juniper
Taxus canadensis*          american yew

*native to Vermont
+If you would like your nursery represented here, please send a list of available native plants to:

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